How to Draw a Scenery: A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating a beautiful scenery through drawing can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. Whether you are an aspiring artist or simply looking for a new hobby, learning how to draw a scenery can provide you with a creative outlet and a way to express your imagination. In this article, we will guide you through the process of drawing a scenery, from selecting the right materials to adding intricate details. So, let’s dive in!

Materials Needed

Before we begin, it is important to gather the necessary materials. Here are the essential tools you will need:

  • Pencils: A set of graphite pencils ranging from 2H to 6B will allow you to achieve different shades and textures.
  • Drawing Paper: Choose a high-quality drawing paper that is suitable for your preferred drawing technique.
  • Eraser: A kneaded eraser is ideal for making corrections and lightening areas of your drawing.
  • Blending Stump: This tool helps to blend and smudge graphite, creating smooth transitions and textures.
  • Reference Image: Find a photograph or picture of a scenery that inspires you. This will serve as your reference throughout the drawing process.

Step 1: Sketching the Basic Shapes

Start by lightly sketching the basic shapes of the scenery using a 2H pencil. This step is crucial as it helps you establish the composition and proportions of your drawing. Pay attention to the placement of objects and their relative sizes. Remember, this is just a rough sketch, so don’t worry about adding too many details at this stage.

Step 2: Adding Depth with Values

Once you are satisfied with the basic shapes, it’s time to add depth and dimension to your scenery by incorporating values. Values refer to the range of lightness and darkness in your drawing. Use a range of pencils, from 2B to 6B, to create different values. Darken the areas that are in shadow and leave the lighter areas untouched. This will give your drawing a three-dimensional appearance.

Step 3: Creating Texture and Details

Now that you have established the values, it’s time to add texture and details to your scenery. Pay close attention to the textures of different elements such as trees, rocks, or water. Use different pencil strokes, such as hatching, cross-hatching, or stippling, to create the desired textures. Take your time and observe the reference image carefully to capture the intricate details.

Step 4: Blending and Smudging

To achieve a more realistic and cohesive look, use a blending stump to blend and smudge the graphite. This technique helps to soften harsh lines and create smooth transitions between different values. Be gentle while blending and use a light touch to avoid smudging areas unintentionally. Remember, blending is a tool to enhance your drawing, not to replace the pencil strokes entirely.

Step 5: Adding Final Touches

Once you are satisfied with the overall look of your scenery, it’s time to add the final touches. Use an eraser to lighten areas that need more highlights or to create specific textures. Pay attention to the play of light and shadow in your reference image and replicate it in your drawing. Take your time and make small adjustments until you are happy with the result.


Drawing a scenery can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. By following these steps and practicing regularly, you can improve your drawing skills and create stunning sceneries. Remember to start with the basic shapes, add depth with values, create texture and details, blend and smudge for a cohesive look, and add final touches to bring your scenery to life. With time and dedication, you will be able to create beautiful sceneries that reflect your artistic vision.


1. Can I use colored pencils instead of graphite pencils?

Yes, you can definitely use colored pencils to draw a scenery. However, keep in mind that colored pencils may require a different approach in terms of layering and blending to achieve the desired effects.

2. How long does it take to master drawing sceneries?

Mastering any skill takes time and practice. The time it takes to become proficient in drawing sceneries varies from person to person. With consistent practice and dedication, you can see significant improvement in a matter of months.

3. Can I draw a scenery without a reference image?

While it is possible to draw a scenery without a reference image, having a reference can greatly help in capturing the details and proportions accurately. It also provides inspiration and guidance throughout the drawing process.

4. What are some common mistakes to avoid when drawing sceneries?

Some common mistakes to avoid when drawing sceneries include neglecting the importance of values, rushing through the drawing process, and not paying attention to details. Take your time, observe carefully, and practice patience to avoid these pitfalls.

5. Can I use digital tools to draw a scenery?

Absolutely! Digital tools such as graphic tablets and drawing software offer a wide range of possibilities for creating sceneries. They provide additional features and flexibility that traditional mediums may not offer. However, the fundamental principles of drawing still apply, regardless of the medium you choose.

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